This is a work in progress project in which I'm involved with the Professor Mottershead's research team.
Fichera, S., Jiffri, S., Wei, X., Ronch, A. Da, Tantaroudas, N., & Mottershead, J. E. (2014). Experimental and numerical study of nonlinear dynamic behaviour of an aerofoil. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering ISMA 2014 (pp. 3609–3618). Leuven, Belgium.
The paper describes the experimental and numerical investigations on a pitch-plunge aeroelastic system with a hardening nonlinearity. The goals of this work are to achieve a better understanding of the behaviour of the model while it undergoes Limit Cycle Oscillations and to tune the numerical model to reproduce both linear and nonlinear aeroelastic response observed in the aeroelastic system. Moreover, this work is part of an overall project, of which the final aims are to test various control strategies for flutter suppression on the nonlinear aeroealstic system. The experimental model consists of a rigid wing supported by adjustable vertical and torsional leaf springs provided with a trailing edge control surface. In the present work the rig is extended to include a nonlinearity introduced by connecting the plunge degree of freedom to a perpendicular pre-tensioned cable. The numerical model is a two degrees of freedom reduced order model representing the dynamics properties of the real system, the nonlinearity is incorporated in the state space equations by adding the cubic and fifth order terms in the stiffness matrix; the unsteady aerodynamic is modelled with strip theory and the incompressible two-dimensional classical theory of Theodorsen. In addition to provide a comparison with the experimental results, the numerical model has been used during the course of the project as an interactive tool to guide the choice of the stiffness settings of the system. A comparison between experimental and numerical results is provided as well; for the linear model, they show a good agreement in the linear case, albeit not so much with the damping ratios. Once the nonlinearity is added, good agreement is achieved with the plunge LCO, but there still is room for improvement with pitch LCO. An in-depth investigation will be carried out to improve model tuning with respect to all parameters of the model.